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4 Types of Spoofing

4 Types of Spoofing

  1. Email spoofing


What it is: An email message sent by a scammer that appears to be from a known and trusted source.


Danger: Will contain links to malicious sites or attachments that will install malware.


Protect yourself: Never click on links or download email attachments from an unverified source. 


  1. Caller ID spoofing


What it is: An attacker makes a phone call that appears to be from a known caller. 


Danger: The scammer convinces the victim they represent their financial institution and tricks them into sharing account details.


Protect yourself: If you’re allegedly contacted by your financial institution, and asked to share account details, hang up and contact your bank or credit union directly. 


  1. Website spoofing


What it is: A scammer creates a bogus site that looks just like a reputable website the victim often visits.


Danger: Victims visit the site and unknowingly share their login credentials and/or personal information with scammers. 


Protect yourself: Pay attention to URLs of every site you visit. Look out for look-alike URLs of known sites, as well as websites full of typos and spelling errors.


  1. Text-message spoofing


What it is: A victim receives a text message on their personal device that appears to have been sent by a trusted source.


Danger: The text will ask the victim to share personal information. 


Protect yourself: Never share personal information with an unverified source. 


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